Alexa Metrics Dry Eye Disease and Depression
2 December, 2019

Dry Eye Disease and Depression

Over the past 10 years there have been several studies that have found a statistically significant link between dry eye disease and depression.

Depiction of Chalazion

These studies used either dry eye screening (including patients diagnosed with depression and anxiety), population reviews or population-based studies. Statistical analysis was performed and all these studies came to the same conclusion: there was a higher correlation of anxiety/depression with people diagnosed with dry eye disease or having symptoms of the disease.

Often times, patient’s with dry eye disease are asymptomatic due to their becoming desensitized over time. Previous symptoms become their norm and often times these patients no longer report long standing symptoms for this reason. Regardless of the patient’s subjective symptoms, all patient’s exhibiting dry eye disease should be treated. Left untreated, dry eye disease can cause serious vision disturbances as well as permanent changes to the cornea, conjunctival and eye lid.

Though seemingly acclimated, chronic stress on the eyes affects people’s vision and affects their mood. Even the most competent, confident people can be affected by chronic health issues that eventually affect their mood and can cause depression. In our office, we give our patients ways to manage their dry eye disease based on objective findings in the absence of symptoms and, of course, when symptomatic.

How can we treat dry eye disease in the office?

In our office we utilize several treatments which include Mibo Therma Flow, in-office Lid scrubs for blepharitis, eyelid steaming for meibomian gland dysfunction and blepharitis. Another new treatment which we will provide is IPL (Intense Pulsed Light) and LLLT (Low Level Light Therapy) which give immediate subjective improvement to patients suffering from dry eye disease.

Our IPL and LLLT treatment is a very exciting, patented technology. Prior to treatment, using a proprietary screening technology, we can perform a massive non-invasive screening in 3 minutes. This screening allows us to grade the degree of Meibomian Glands Dysfunction (MGD) as a routine test for every patient, and focusing on the right pathology and treatment. From this screening we are able to customize the treatment parameters for both the IPL and LLLT so that the best results can be achieved for each individual patient.

These treatments apply endogenous heat inside the eyelids whereby removing the blockage of the glands. This then allows the lipid portion of the tears to flow whereby preventing rapid evaporation of water component of the tears.

Symptoms

Symptoms of dry eye can include:

  • Burning, itching and tearing
  • Thick or watery discharge from eyes
  • Light sensitivity
  • Red eyes
  • Foreign body sensation in your eyes
  • Contact lenses discomfort
  • Nighttime driving difficulty
  • Blurry vision, transient vision or eye fatigue

Having the above symptoms long term affect a persons’ ability to work productively and enjoy their day to day life. We can see how the above symptoms can weigh on a person physically and emotionally and interfere with their day to day lives. Untreated dry eye disease also can cause a significant economic burden due to low work productivity.

All roads lead to Rome

Whether anxiety/depression leads to dry eye or that dry eye can cause or exacerbate anxiety/depression is irrelevant. The fact that there is statistically significant link means improving dry eye should have a positive effect on anxiety/depression in that treatment will improve the suffers comfort and vision.

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